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PostParadiseng on Thu 08 Dec 2016, 9:04 am


Dr. PHILIP EMEAGWALI, who has been called the "Bill Gates of Africa," was born in Nigeria in 1954. Like many African schoolchildren, he dropped out of school at age 14 because his father could not continue paying Emeagwali's school fees.

However, his father continued teaching him at home, and everyday Emeagwali performed mental exercises such as solving 100 math problems in one hour. His father taught him until Philip "knew more than he did."

Growing up in a country torn by civil war, Emeagwali lived in a building crumbled by rocket shells. He believed his intellect was a way out of the line of fire. So he studied hard and eventually received a scholarship to Oregon State University when he was 17 where he obtained a BS in mathematics. He also earned three other degrees – a Ph.D. in Scientific computing from the University of Michigan and two Masters degrees from George Washington University.

Dr. Philip Emeagwali, originally from Onitsha, Anambra state, Nigeria, although born in Akure, Ondo State, has made history - he is one of those being honored during the 50th anniversary of the computer joining the ranks of Steve Job of Apple computer and Bill Gates of Microsoft.

Among Dr. Emeagwali's scientific achievements are:

1) World's fastest computation of 3.1 billion calculations per second in 1989;

2) World record for solving the largest partial differential equations with 8 million grid points in 1989;

3)World record for solving the largest weather forecasting equations with 128 million grid points in 1990;

4) World record for an unprecedented parallel computer speedup of 2048 in 1989;

5) World record for an unprecedented parallel computer speedup of 65536 in 1990;

6) First successful implementation of a petroleum reservoir model on a massively parallel computer in 1989;

7) Credited with alerting the petroleum industry that massively parallel computers can be used to recover more oil;

[Philip Emeagwali's Reservoir Equations]
Emeagwali in front of the petroleum reservoir simulation equations that won him the Gordon Bell Prize in 1989

8) First to program a massively parallel computer to outperform a conventional (vector) supercomputer in 1988;

9) First to have applied a pseudo-time approach in reservoir modeling in 1990;

10) Credited with pioneering the use of the "vast resources" of the Internet in supercomputing in the 1980s;

11) Credited with conclusively demonstrating that computers with thousands of processing nodes can solve significant real-world problems in 1989;

12) Formulated the counter-intuitive speedup paradox which states that there are two different but correct theoretical speedup of parallel computers;

13) Formulated the theory of tessellated models for parallel computing;

14) Introduced the concept of network frequency for parallel computers;

15) Introduced the concept of parallel data spaces;

16) Discovered enantiomeric networks;

17) Designed the first Fibonacci hypertree network;

18) Discovered the relationship between sphere packing and fast computing;

19) Invented hyperball computer networks;

20) Derived new partial differential equations for low inertial fluid flows;

21) Derived error stopping criterion for high inertial-fluid flows;

22) Discovered the analogy between Darcy's equations used in petroleum reservoir simulations and geostrophic equations used in weather forecasting;

23) Derived a new set of porous media flow equations that is vectorizable, parallelizable, and surprisingly, fifty times less computation-intensive than the original formulation;

24) Proved that the use of only Dirichlet type boundary conditions yields more accurate numerical solutions in the vicinity of petroleum producing wells located near the boundary and is therefore suitable for avoiding the coning problem caused by the high velocity of converging flows in the vicinity of wells;

25) Demonstrated the analogy between high-speed computation and high-speed ballistic missile by proving that the mixing of high- and low-resolution timing can lead to fatal error in measuring the performance of fast computers and tracking the motion of fast missiles. This fatal subtraction error resulted in the death, on 25 February 1991, of 28 U.S. servicemen in Dhahran, Saudi Arabia during the Persian Gulf War when the U.S. Patriot missile failed to shoot down the Iraqi Scud missile.

Dr. Emeagwali's academic achievements are alarming:

Among his other degrees are: Master of Arts in Applied Mathematics from the University of Maryland, College Park; Master of Science degree in Civil and Environmental Engineering, George Washington University, Washington D.C.; Engineer Degree in Ocean and Marine Engineering, George Washington University, Washington D.C.; Bachelor of Science Degree in Mathematics, Oregon State University, Corvallis, with minor in physics and astronomy.

Believe it or not, Philip is still studying. He has completed all but six courses needed to earn a second bachelor's degree in civil engineering; completed sufficient courses for an additional master's degree and the equivalent of two doctoral dissertations.

Fantastic! Kudos to this great Biafran man!
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PostEllaspecial on Fri 09 Dec 2016, 5:58 am

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